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Course Details with Online Syllabus:
DIP-401: Diplomacy: Theory and Practice

Course Code DIP-401
Course Name Diplomacy: Theory and Practice
US Credits (USCH) 4
ECTS 4 x 1.5 - 1.7 (see Academic Standards)
Main Prerequisite TPH-499
Regular Instructor / Assigned Faculty (responsible for student interaction, validation and grading of student assignments, constructive feedback, oral examinations)

Roberto Rodriguez

Note: see biography under Faculty Profiles

Faculty Coordinator (responsible for entry and exit coordination and interfacing between student and instructor(s))

Laurent Cleenewerck

Note: see biography under Administration

Syllabus Specialist (responsible for maintaining syllabus database and implementation of revised standards)

Ghebrehiwet Ghebremedhin

Note: see biography under Administration

Language for this course code E

General Concepts and Guidelines:

It is important to note that EUCLID functions under an intergovernmental mandate to deliver programs of higher education that conform to international standards and that are fully documented (Statutes IX). Accordingly, a standard 3 USCH course,which is at least equivalent to 4.5 ECTS, represents a number of classroom instruction hours equivalent to 3 x 12.5 = 37.5 hours (lower base line) – 3 x 14 = 42 hours (higher base line).

Even in the case of courses for which lectures (audio / video) are available to cover the entirety of the material, reading assignments are mandatory.

In the case of courses that are primarily delivered by means of reading assignments, EUCLID considers that a standard 3 USCH course should correspond to approximately 600-800 pages of intense, directly relevant readings. This is consistent with generally accepted standards applicable to the USCH and ECTS systems. Moreover, EUCLID favors full textbooks over compiled chapters from heterogeneous sources.

For practical and organizational reasons, this study workload is structured in the format of one semester (about 15 weeks). This logical ‘semester’ is organized in 7 periods of ‘2 weeks’ each, the last one being a buffer and final study period. Because EUCLID has a primary mandate to serve busy government officials for its Participating States, these periods are presented as a structured approach rather than as an enforced set of deadlines. In practice, then, a student may take more or less than 14 weeks to complete the course because the intention is not to reproduce an actual semester but rather to offer a logical breakdown of the course over a flexible span of time.

In all cases, all the assignments must be submitted, approved and graded for the course to be completed.

It must be noted that EUCLID guidelines require that a comprehensive oral examination take place upon completion of all other assignments in order for the final grade to be posted and for the course to be formally completed.

See also: Academic Standards

How to Use this Syllabus:

This standardized syllabus is your study guide for this course.

Most EUCLID courses require the sequential reading of the textbooks (and other materials) listed below. By “reading,” we do not mean mere casual reading but rather intense studying with an effort to memorize (highlighting with comments and taking notes is highly recommended).

The “Course Materials” may include textbooks as well as other types of resources including MP3 downloads, webcasts, compiled PDFs, etc.

It is the responsibility of the student to obtain the Course Materials. In most cases, the resources requires for the course are available from the EUCLID online library.

Once you have completed the reading of the course materials, you must contact your course instructor or coordinator to discuss the proposed theme of the required major paper(s).

Even though the quiz assignment is sometimes considered or listed after the major papers, it is advisable to complete this assignment prior to starting work on the paper(s).

For each quiz questions, do not forget to provide a footnote reference to where (text, page) the correct answer can be found. Remember that the instructor will evaluate your ability to create intelligent questions spanning all required textbooks, offer plausible answers, and properly footnote the textbook reference.

For the paper(s), do not forget that you must comply with all ACA-401 guidelines and requirements. Always refer to the latest Word template and ACA-401 checklist which can be found on the Egnyte Platform.

Student Responsibilities:

  • Read (study) all reading assignments carefully and intensely in order to be able to memorize, re-express, inter-relate and engage the information provided.
  • Write biweekly short reaction papers (“journals”) on the assigned readings, not longer than two single-spaced pages.
  • Write 1 or 2 (as directed) high quality, publishable major papers that meet ACA-401 guidelines and that provide several properly formatted citations to the textbooks.
  • Create a quiz that demonstrates your ability to create intelligent questions with plausible answers, and provide footnotes to the correct answers.
  • Prepare carefully for the final oral examination by re-reading the required textbooks. This is not an open book exam and you should have memorized the key terms and concepts in order to be able to offer a professional articulation and presentation when examined by the instructor.

General Course Description:

This course is an intense and in-depth exposure to the vast field of diplomacy. In order to achieve this level of exposure, EUCLID relies on 3 major textbooks, complemented by supplementary readings which offer a more personal perspective.

 Part 1:

 The first module is based on Berridge’s acclaimed classic in the field:

 Topics covered in DT&P

 List of Abbreviations


The Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Art of Negotiation

The Modes Diplomacy

 Part 2:

Level II exposure is achieved by asking student to carefully read, annotate and study Barston’s Modern Diplomacy textbook:

 Topics covered:

 Foreign Policy organization

Foreign Policy orientation

Diplomatic Correspondence

Issues pertaining to technology


Diplomatic Styles and Methods

International Financial Relations

Trade, Foreign Policy and Diplomacy

Environmental Diplomacy

Diplomacy and Security

Diplomacy and Mediation

Diplomacy of Normalization

International Treaties and Agreements

Students are asked to pay close attention to samples of correspondence and agreements.

 Part 3:

 A different approach to the same topic is offered by Dynamics of Diplomacy which is the third required textbook for this course. 

Course Objectives:

ü  Understand what MFAs do and how they work

ü  Understand the fundamentals of diplomatic negotiations

ü  Understand bilateral and multilateral diplomacy

ü  Understand subject-specific diplomacy

ü  Understand what makes a document a “treaty”

ü  Be aware of historical cases relevant to various diplomatic methods

Course Outcomes:

Upon completion of this course, the student is expected to able to:

ü  Explain the historical original of diplomacy and protocol

ü  Explain the fundamentals of diplomatic negotiations

ü  Discuss the difference between bilateral and multilateral diplomacy

ü  Discuss subject-specific diplomacy such as Environmental or Human Rights diplomacy

ü  Explain why binding agreements are essential as the outcome of the diplomat process

ü  Discuss historical cases relevant to various diplomatic methods

Required Readings and Resources:

- Diplomacy: Theory and Practice (Berridge)

 Please consult the web site for updates to the text (http://www.grberridge.co.uk/dip_comp_chps.htm)

- Modern Diplomacy: Third Edition or later (Barston)

- The Dynamics of Diplomacy (Leguey-Feilleux)

- Independent Diplomat (Ross)

- MP3 lecture(s) / podcast(s) (London School of Economics):

+  British Foreign Policy - Challenges facing the next Prime Minister

+  Public Diplomacy - Steps to the Future

+  International Relations in a Post-Hegemonic Age

At: http://www.lse.ac.uk/resources/podcasts/publicLecturesAndEvents.htm

Supplemental Readings and Resources:

- Diplomacy Lessons: Realism for an Unloved Superpower (Kiesling)

- Arts of Power: Statecraft and Diplomacy (Freeman)

- Diplomacy for the Next Century (Eban)

- The Practice of Diplomacy (Langhorne)

- The diplomatic corps as an institution of international society (Sharp)

Useful Templates and Resources:

Word Template Use this single-spaced template (DOCX) for Response Papers
Word Template Use this double-spaced template (DOCX) for Major Papers
Quiz Template Use this single-spaced sample (DOCX) for the Quiz
Sample RP This is a sample response paper for ACA-401
Sample MP This is a sample major paper for DIP-401
Checklist This PDF is a checklist to use before submitting a paper

Organization and structure of course studies:

Period 1 (Typically, weeks 1-2)
Reading Assignments Diplomacy in Theory and Practice by Berridge (entire book)
MP3s or Videos "Ambassador"
Method of Instruction Multimedia
Tasks / Assignments Study course material + writing response paper 1
Deliverables Response paper 1

Period 2 (Typically, weeks 3-4)
Reading Assignments Inside a US Embassy + Barston, Chapters 1-14
MP3s or Videos N/A
Method of Instruction Reading
Tasks / Assignments Study course material + writing response paper 2
Deliverables Response paper 2

Period 3 (Typically, weeks 5-6)
Reading Assignments Barston, end book + Dynamics of Diplomacy, Chapters 1-8
MP3s or Videos N/A
Method of Instruction Reading
Tasks / Assignments Study course material + writing response paper 3
Deliverables Response paper 3

Period 4 (Typically, weeks 7-8)
Reading Assignments Dynamics, Chapters 9-12 (end book)
MP3s or Videos http://www.undispatch.com/preventative-diplomacy-and-the-un-video
Method of Instruction Reading + Video
Tasks / Assignments Study course material + writing response paper 4
Deliverables Create quiz - Start work on 1st major paper

Period 5 (Typically, weeks 9-10)
Reading Assignments Independent Diplomat (entire book)
MP3s or Videos Video by Carne Ross is available on Egnyte
Method of Instruction Reading + Podcast / Videocast
Tasks / Assignments Response paper 5 - Work on first major paper
Deliverables First major paper

Period 6 (Typically, weeks 11-12)
Reading Assignments N/A
MP3s or Videos N/A
Method of Instruction Personal review of all course materials
Tasks / Assignments Complete paper(s) and submission of assignments as due
Deliverables Second major paper

Period 7 (Typically, weeks 13-14)
Reading Assignments Review entire course material for exam
MP3s or Videos Review all applicable material for exam
Method of Instruction Personal study / Exam preparation
Tasks / Assignments Submit second major paper - Schedule exam
Deliverables All writing assignments - Final exam and course completion

Special Course Comment / Review of Required Assignments to Complete Course:

Please consult with the instructor before starting to write your major papers. The topic should be approved beforehand.

In addition to the short response papers, the standard required assignments are:


The student must create a multiple-choice or missing word quiz with 10 questions, based on the textbook(s), and with footnoted references to the correct answers (with page number in textbook).

A sample is available at http://www.euclid.int/syllabi/quiz.docx  and can also be found on the Egnyte platform under Courses > ACA-401

Major paper(s):

This course requires the presentation of 2 major paper(s) (standard length is 12-24 pages using the MP template which is double-spaced).The theme is the student’s choice, but must be selected and confirmed in consultation with the assigned instructor, and be based on the required study materials.

The major paper(s) must (1) comply with all ACA-401 guidelines (2) make at least 3 properly formatted references to the textbook(s).

Final Examination:

Once the paper(s) and quiz have been submitted, this course is capped by an extensive oral examination and interactive interview conducted by the assigned instructor using web-conferencing technology (WebEx, Skype).

Composite Evaluation and Grading:

  • 10% of the final grade is based on the response papers
  • 60% of the final grade is based on the major paper(s) and quiz
  • 30% of the final grade is based on the final oral exam / closing interview.

Failure to obtain a passing grade on the final oral exam will result in course failure.

Standard grading scale and academic policies apply to this course.

Standard EUCLID Grading Scale:

Even through there is no internationally standardized grading system, EUCLID uses a scale that is fairly standard, namely:

  1. Grades are numeric (0 – 4) and convertible to letters (F – A)
  2. A+ is a novelty and is not used
  3. EUCLID has a strict grading policy and does not engage in ‘grade inflation’
  4. Grading is based on standards, not ranking within the group
  5. Because of (3), 2.35 or C+ is the pass standard for all courses, provided that a full academic review of all grades under 2.5 conclude that the student does meet requirements for graduation.

Numeric grades are converted to letter grades as follows:



Explanation / Standards



All objectives are fully met



All objectives are fully met with minor suggestions for improvement



Rarely used: All objectives are fully met with minor suggestions for improvement



All objectives are met with specific suggestions for improvement



Satisfactory output, but improvement are expected to fully meet all the objectives of the program


Almost B

Rarely used: Satisfactory output, but improvement are expected to fully meet all the objectives of the course(s)



Passing but less than satisfactory output. Improvements in more than one course standards are expected to fully meet all the objectives of the course(s)

2.5 - 2.35


Minimum passing grade: Improvements are mandated in more than one course standards are expected to fully meet all the objectives of the course(s)



Failing grade: does not meet mandatory objectives of the course(s)



Failing grade: does not meet in any way the objectives of the course(s)



Assignment to does meet in any way the objectives of the courses or contains plagiarism / academic violations




EUCLID (Pôle Universitaire Euclide |Euclid University):

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International Headquarters: Bangui, C.A.R.; Banjul, The Gambia

Email: info@euclid.int

Institutional High Steward: President Faustin Touadéra, PhD (Mathematics; Lille, France)

Diplomatic and Academic High Steward: Ambassador Juan Avila, PhD (Education; Fordham, USA)


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