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Overview and Legal information

 

IN BRIEF / EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Status Public / Intergovernmental / Treaty-based
Statutes / Charter United Nations Treaty Series I-49006/49007
Dedicated Site www.euclidtreaty.org
University Categorization "International / Intergovernmental"
Similar Institutions See list below
Participating States 12 including 9 with completed UN treaty registration
Headquarters (Diplomatic and Academic) Banjul, Gambia
Special Office (with standing HQ accord) Bangui, C.A.R. (Capacity Building and Reconstruction)
Secretary-General & Treaty Depositary Syed Zahid Ali

EUCLID (Pôle Universitaire Euclide | Euclid University) is, like the European Central Bank, NATO or the African Union, an international intergovernmental organization (IGO). It was established by treaty under international law in 2008, a status which is indicated by the authorized use of the restricted ".int" domain.

EUCLID also holds a university charter as well as a specific mandate in the field of higher education and sustainable development. It belongs to the exclusive group of intergovernmental universities having that rare status under international law, the most famous of which being the United Nations University and the European University Institute.

EUCLID's constitutive text and charter, approved by its Participating States, was duly registered and published in the United Nations Treaty Series (OMOU /UFA ) in December 2010 according to the provisions of Article 102 of the United Nations Charter.

As of 2013, EUCLID serves 12 Participating States (just over 6% of the UN membership) spanning 4 continents (Africa, Americas, Asia, Australia-Pacific). Its primary service is to the government staff of its Participating States, but EUCLID also accepts a limited number of students from the general public as well as officials working for non-Participating States such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kenya, etc.

EUCLID has its global headquarters in Banjul, Gambia, and is a full member in good standing of the Association of African Universities, and of United Nations Academic Impact, among others.

See also: EUCLID Participating States

See also: EUCLID's constitutive documents as filed with and published by the United Nations on treaties.un.org

AN "INTERNATIONAL / INTERGOVERNMENTAL UNIVERSITY"

EUCLID belongs to the exclusive category of "international / intergovernmental" institutions of higher learning established under international law, either directly by UN Member States or in some cases by UN-related organs and organizations.

In the "IAU List of Universities of the World," these institutions are either listed in the "regional / international" group or under the national entry of their headquarters country, for instance the University for Peace under Costa Rica.

As of 2013, the other similar institutions are listed hereunder, sorted by date of establishment:

Institution

Est.

ILP?

Legal Status

Parent Organization

Charter

HQ

European University Institute

1972

Yes

Intergovernmental university

Self

Agreement between several EU Member States (no UNTS)

Florence*

United Nations University

1973

No

Autonomous institution within the UN

United Nations

UN GA Resolution

Tokyo*

Eastern and Southern African Management Institute (ESAMI)

1979

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

Self

Agreement establishing the ESAMI

Arusha*

University for Peace

1980

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

United Nations

Agreement between several UN Member States (UNTS)

San Jose*

École Supérieure Multinationale des Télécommunications

1981

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

Self (UNDP project)

Agreement between several AU Member States (no UNTS)

Dakar*

World Maritime University

1983

No

Institution within the IMO

International Maritime Organization

IMO GA Resolution

Malmö *

IMO International Maritime Law Institute

1988

No

Unclear, probably Institution within the IMO

IMO

Agreement between Malta and IMO (no UNTS)

Valleta*

Academy of European Law

1992

No

Public Foundation

Unclear

International Statutes (no UNTS)

Trieste

Franco-German University

1997

Yes

Network of Universities

Self

Agreement between France and Germany (partial UNTS)

Saarbrücken

Franco-Italian University

1998

No

Bi-national institution

Self

Agreement between France and Italy (no UNTS)

Grenoble

University of Central Asia

2001

Unclear

International university

Self (sponsored by Aga Khan Foundation)

Agreement between 3 UN Member States (UNTS)

Bishkek

African Virtual University

2003

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

World Bank (sponsor)

Agreement between 8 AU Member States (no UNTS)

Kinshasa*

South Asian University

2007

Yes

International non-profit university

SAARC

Agreement between 8 UU Member States (no UNTS)

New Delhi

EUCLID (Euclid University)

2008

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

IOSD (as NGO)

Agreement between several UN Member States (UNTS)

Brussels, Bangui, Banjul+

TAU/DTU (Deutsch-Türkische Universität)

2010

?

Binational institution

Self

Agreement between Turkey and Germany (partial UNTS)

Ankara

AIT (Asian Institute of Technology)

2011

Yes

Intergovernmental organization and international university

AIT under previous form

Agreement between several UN Member States (no UNTS)

Pathum Thani

(Note: ILP means "international legal personality")

Read also the full page or article on "Understanding the legal status and degree-granting authority of the "International Universities"" [Web | PDF]

Read also a reply to "Mr. Ben Cohen (Verifile)" regarding the status of international degree-granting authority [Web | PDF]

EUCLID AS AN INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION

EUCLID's international legal personality and not-for-profit status are granted and confirmed by Article 1a of the constitutional agreement(s):

"EUCLID (also properly called Pôle Universitaire Euclide and Euclid University) has legal personality, not-for-profit status, and such capacities as may be necessary to exercise its functions and fulfill its objectives." (UNTS I-49006 EIF 2008)

"EUCLID (also properly called Pôle Universitaire Euclide and Euclid University) already has and shall continue to have international legal personality, not-for-profit status, and such capacities as may be necessary to exercise its functions and fulfill its objectives."(UNTS I-49007 EIF 2009)

Other organizations having similar intergovernmental legal status (with various levels of scope and legal prerogatives) are the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the European Union, NATO, the European Space Agency, the World Bank, etc. This status is indicated by the restricted .int top-level domain [1 ] and [2 ]. For this reason, EUCLID used a .int instead of a .org or .edu domain. International intergovernmental organizations enjoy special status and legal protection in most countries, notably intellectually property protection for their name and emblems under the provisions of Article 6 of the Paris Convention.

United Nations Treaty Section Certificate(s) of Registration

World Intellectual Property Organization list of protected intergovernmental organizations

More information on IGOs: www.intergovernmentalorganizations.org

FROM UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM TO AUTONOMOUS INSTITUTION HAVING UNIVERSITY STATUS

As an autonomous institution, EUCLID is the result of the adoption by the Participating States of academic programs developed by the “Pôle d’Extension Universitaire Euclide,” a consortium of universities (led by the University of Bangui and the University of N’Djamena) established in 2005.

Euclid Consortium logo

EUCLID's primary mission is to train current and future government staff, especially for its Participating Parties.

Important note: EUCLID (Euclid University - Pôle Universitaire Euclide) should not be confused with the Euclid Consortium (Pôle d'Extension Universitaire Euclide). The Consortium is a group of universities / institutions created in 2005 and which formed the academic foundation for EUCLID. The Consortium (extension of UNDT - Chad, UBRC - Central African Republic, ULI - Belgium) is not a degree-granting institution but it organizes programs on behalf of the universities with possible joint degree issuance by UNDT (the University of N'Djamena) or UBRC (the University of Bangui) and EUCLID.

More information about the Consortium

Read more about EUCLID's history and timeline

EUCLID'S DEGREE GRANTING AUTHORITY

EUCLID was formally established in 2008 as an international educational framework with international legal personality (see above) and a charter or degree-granting authority by the governments of the Participating Parties (Article 1b):

"EUCLID is chartered to confer diplomas, degrees and completion certificates accredited by the ministries of Education of the Participating Parties."

With the complementary framework of the Euclid Consortium (which is a network of universities), select EUCLID programs may also qualify for joint-degree granting with UBRC (the University of Bangui) or UNDT (the University of N'Djamena), which is a full member of the International Association of Universities.

OFFICES AND ADMINISTRATION

Temporary 2008-2011 per Statutes III, Euclid Consortium offices at ULI

Permanent 2011-current
(Francophone with Visiting Campus)

Permanent 2013 onward
(English-speaking with full HQ status)

The EUCLID Statutes approved by the constitutive intergovernmental agreement approved the location of a transitional secretarial / administrative office in Brussels specifically, to ensure continuity with the legacy of the Euclid Consortium. In additional, the Brussels executive office is maintained to facilitate liaison with B&S and the European Commission as part of the completion of the EU-funded ( EuropeAid/126931/D/SER/ER) project.

EUCLID's initial headquarters agreement (with hosting at the University of Bangui as Visiting Campus) took effect in March 2011. In 2012, further office space was allocated outside the campus of the University of Bangui, specifically in the Prime Minister's own office complex ("Primature"), on the 6th floor. In 2013, EUCLID signed a global headquarters agreement with the government of The Gambia, West Africa, and has its offices in the Greater Banjul Area.

Read more about EUCLID's liaison office in Washington DC

Read more about EUCLID's Administrative Structure and Officials

LEGAL DOCUMENTS:

Legal Documents page

Depositary Notices

 


   

EUCLID (Pôle Universitaire Euclide |Euclid University)
A treaty-based organization with international liaison and representative offices in:
New York, Washington DC, Geneva, Brussels, Berlin

Headquarters: Banjul, The Gambia
Historic Headquarters and Official CB/IRD Office: Bangui, C.A.R.

Email: info@euclid.int | Find us on Google+

Institutional High Steward: H.E. Ambassador Hermenegilde NIYONZIMA
Diplomatic High Steward: H.E. Ambassador Roubani KAAMBI

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